Develop Positive Support Plan for Challenging Behaviors
DEVELOP POSITIVE SUPPORT PLAN FOR CHALLENGING BEHAVIORS
A Positive Support Plan is designed to provide positive approaches to challenging behaviors so a successful learning environment can be created for the student. It is not a behavioral program that simply spells out rules and consequences. Rather, it involves a functional assessment of specific behaviors that includes:
Identifying and defining the target behaviors
The underlying assumption of functional assessment is that an individual's behavior serves a purpose or function, and that any behavior is often a means of communication. Thus, the hypothesis statements are informed guesses about the relationship between the behaviors and the circumstances under which they occur. Clear hypothesis statements allow us to look at the communicative intent of problem behaviors and then design positive approaches such as:
Modifying the learning environment
A combination of these approaches is often necessary for an effective support plan, and everyone involved with the student should be involved in the implementation of the program.
The materials needed to complete a functional assessment of behavior and determine the elements of a positive support plan are available from one of the inclusion facilitators. They are prepared to guide a team in developing the positive support plan for a particular student and have publications documenting its use and effectiveness.