Goal: To improve initial social skills
Objective(s): The student will engage in play beside another individual.
1. Decide if you want to play.
2. Decide what you want to play with.
3. Decide where you want to play.
4. Decide who you want to play next to.
5. Act on your decision. (Play next to him/her).
Definition: Discuss that parallel play means playing while you are beside someone else. Generate list of behaviors to have when you are engaged in parallel play (quiet, keep hands to yourself, play only with your toy, etc.)
Rationale: Ask students why it is important to play beside someone appropriately.
Teacher should direct student's attention to play centers and materials available. Remind students of any classroom rules applicable (when to begin, cue for stopping, how many people can be in each area, etc.).
Model/Role-Play with Feedback
Teacher prepares materials, then allows students time to investigate and play at the designated centers. Enough materials should be available for all class/group members; more than one activity center could be planned for the same time period.
The centers chosen should be of interest to the students. The teacher should guide and encourage as necessary.
Crayons/markers and paper
Easels and paint
Workbench and tools
Sensory table with water/sand
Stamps and stamp pads
Chalk and chalkboards
Application with Feedback
Two or more students build separate structures from a common source of Legos or blocks.
Set up adjacent easels where students can practice parallel play.
Students build their own projects at the workbench.
Students sitting at a large table complete puzzles individually.
Students manipulate toy vehicles through sand at the sensory table.
Students blow bubbles with their own straws, bubble pipes, or wands.
Students model their own clay figures at a common table.
The teacher should communicate with other adults, responsible for supervising the student throughout the day, to encourage development of this skill.
Cooperative play builds upon this skill.
Social Skills Curriculum Guide, 1992
Special School District of St. Louis County